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Commentary Article - (2022) Volume 16, Issue 6

The Effects of Climate Change on the Fishing Industry and their Mitigation

Majekodunmi Parker*
 
Department of Biological Science, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria
 
*Correspondence: Majekodunmi Parker, Department of Biological Science, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria, Email:

Received: 03-Jun-2022, Manuscript No. ipfs-21-9420; Editor assigned: 06-Jun-2022, Pre QC No. ipfs-21-9420 (PQ); Reviewed: 20-Jun-2022, QC No. ipfs-21-9420; Revised: 23-Jun-2022, Manuscript No. ipfs-21-9420 (R); Published: 30-Jun-2022, DOI: 10.36648/1307-234X.22.16.96

Abstract

The full link between fisheries and climate change is difficult to examine due to the setting of each fishery and the numerous traces that climate change influences. However, there is sufficient evidence for these consequences on a worldwide scale. However, there is sufficient evidence for these consequences on a worldwide scale. Rising ocean temperatures and acidification are drastically affecting marine aquatic ecosystems, while changes in water temperature, flow, and fish habitat loss are wreaking havoc on freshwater ecosystems. Climate change is altering fish distribution as well as the fertility of marine and freshwater species.

The influence of climate change on ocean systems has an impact on the sustainability of fisheries and aquaculture, the livelihoods of those who rely on fisheries, and the oceans' ability to grab and store carbon. Climate change has a significant influence on coastal fishing populations as a result of sea level rise, while altering rainfall patterns and water use have an impact on inland freshwater fisheries and aquaculture.

Introduction

Rising ocean acidity makes it more difficult for marine animals like shrimp, oysters, and corals to produce their shells, a process known as calcification [1]. Calcium shells are found in many essential species, including zooplankton, which provides the base of the marine food chain. As a result, the entire marine food web is adapting, and there are ‘cracks in the food chain.' As a result, the distribution, productivity, and species composition of global fish production are changing, with complex and interconnected effects on the oceans, estuaries, coral reefs, mangroves, and sea grass beds that provide habitat and nursery regions for fish [2]. Changes in rainfall patterns and scarcity of water are having an influence on river and lake fisheries and aquaculture production. After the Last Glacial Maximum about 21,000 years ago, the worldwide average air temperature rose by roughly 3 degrees, causing sea temperatures to rise [3].

The global ocean's fish catch is expected to fall by 6% by 2100, and by 11% in tropical zones. Various estimates predict that by 2050, the overall global fish capture potential will change by less than 10% depending on the trajectory of greenhouse gas emissions, but with significant local diversity. Reduces in both marine and terrestrial productivity are expected in nearly 85 percent of coastal countries surveyed, with national capacity to adapt varied greatly.

Effects of fisher mediation

Mediators can also consider how communities are adapting to the longer-term effects of climate change [4]. For example, if a peace agreement establishes a land reform procedure, such approach may benefit from taking into account the effects of desertification and land restoration.

Types

Drought, storms, heat waves, rising sea levels, melting ice floes, and warmer waters can directly injure animals, destroy their habitats, devastate people's livelihoods and communities[5]. As climate change intensifies, extreme temperature occurrences become more common or severe.

Conclusion

Climate change is altering fish distribution and production in both marine and freshwater ecosystems. This has an impact on the sustainability of fisheries and aquaculture, the livelihoods of communities reliant on fisheries, and the ability of the seas to retain and store carbon.

References

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  3. Doney, S C (March 2006) the Dangers of Ocean Acidification (PDF). Scientific American 294 (3): 58-65. Bibcode: 2006SciAm.294c..58D.
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  5. Fabry Victoria J, Seibel Brad A, Feely Richard A, Orr James C (2008) Impacts of ocean acidification on marine fauna and ecosystem processes. ICES J Mar Sci 65 (3): 414-432.
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  7. Stenseth Nils (2010) Ecological forecasting under climate change: the case of Baltic cod. Proceedings: Biological Sciences 277 (1691): 2121-2130.
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Citation: Parker M (2021) The Effects of Climate Change on the Fishing Industry and their Mitigation. J Fish Sci, Vol.16 No. 6: 96.